The Committee on the Environment (CMA) is due to examine, at the meeting scheduled for Tuesday (4), a project that establishes the disposal of cooking oil by reverse logistics - a set of actions to enable the collection and restitution of waste the business sector, for reuse or other environmentally sound disposal.
The Senate Bill (PLS) 75/2017, by Senator José Medeiros (Can-MT), amends the National Policy on Solid Residues (Law 12,305) to include cooking oil and other fats for culinary use in the list of products of the reverse logistics system. The intention is to pass on to the manufacturers the responsibility for the collection, reuse and correct disposal of these materials.
Today this waste is usually dumped in the sink drain, helping to clog sanitary facilities (grease boxes in particular) and sewage networks.
"Cooking oil thrown into the water contaminates up to 10,000 gallons of water. So it is a policy not too difficult to do and that will contribute to the environment, "Medeiros said in the justification of the proposal.
For the rapporteur of the project, senator Cristovam Buarque (PPS-DF), the initiative is expected to have positive impacts on the collection and recycling of edible oils and fats. According to the opinion, environmentally appropriate processing does not reach 5% of the volume discarded.
Cristovam suggested modifications to the project to "make more feasible" the implementation of reverse logistics for cooking oils and fats. It included the request for the elaboration of environmental and economic impact studies by public authorities, in partnership with the business sector, to identify the best way to relate the feasibility of implementing reverse logistics and environmental gains.
The rapporteur recommended the gradual implementation of reverse logistics in municipalities. This action would have to take into account population, economic, public health and basic sanitation aspects, to be detailed in future regulations. Caution was suggested in anticipation of difficulties that small municipalities in the North and Northeast Regions should face in this process.
The participation of providers of water supply and sanitation services in carrying out educational campaigns for the proper disposal of cooking oils and fats, along with the business sector, was also foreseen. In dividing this responsibility, Cristovam intends to avoid that the charge for the execution of the reverse logistics falls only on one sector.
If there is no appeal for voting by the Senate Plenary, PLS 75/2017 will then be sent to the Chamber of Deputies.
Another proposal on the agenda is PLS 587/2015, by Senator José Agripino (DEM-RN), which deals with the adoption by the government of periodic educational campaigns aimed at stimulating the rational use of water by the population. The project also predicts that educational campaigns will be financed with the collection of water resources, including this new allocation in the National Water Resources Policy (Law 9.433).
According to Agripino, there is no policy of educational campaigns, periodic and permanent on the rational use of water, in order to prevent the increasingly frequent supply crises. "Because of climate change, droughts are getting more and more prolonged, so it is important to save the resource permanently. We need to overcome the current level of awareness, which seems to be limited to periods of rationing, "the senator said.
For the rapporteur, Senator Humberto Costa (PT-PE), the financing of the strategy "will guarantee the necessary economic resources so that the project does not fall into the void, or into a mere letter of good intentions".
The proposal will have final decision in the CMA.